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Wednesday, 11 October 2006 22:13

There is a host of books and articles describing the customs of different villages and regions of Greece. Since the beginning of the century the seeds sown by professors of Folklore Studies have born fruit in abundance. Countless school-teachers, philologues and others have been motivated to collect folklore material and publish it, either in articles in journals or books produced at their own expense. Even greater is the volume of unpublished material reposited in the archives of different institutions, awaiting study.

The usefulness of this material is somewhat diminished by the fact that it was collected on the basis of personal criteria, in an arbitrary, unscientific way but the sheer quantity compensates for its suspect quality. Even today very few researchers bother to read the relevant Greek and foreign bibliography before embarking on a project. This may be because those involved in ethnographic research are primarily motivated by love of their national heritage and desperation at seeing it vanish as the days go by. It would be too much to expect these front-line ethnographers to spend time on more systematic preparation, this is left to those who will process and collate the information they salvage.

Even today the field for research is vast and wide open. With a modicum of observation one can pick out those aspects of traditional culture still extant. The ethnographer, like the archaeologist who digs the earth to discover the remains of ancient civilisation, delves deep into the memories of old persons in search of remnants of traditional culture.

In most of these publications there are sporadic references to dance, rarely more than a phrase or paragraph per volume, since, Greek folklorists, schooled in the classics and literature, tended to place most emphasis on the words of songs, proverbs, place names and folk tales. Even so, one can find vital information on the dances in the villages at the beginning of the century, before the major upheavals of wars, emigration and cultural assimilation. The collection of these references is now complete and they will be published in a forthcoming volume.

Another category of publications includes articles and books on Greek music. These are serious works and dance is often mentioned in them, albeit tangentially. On reading about the structure of the melody and rhythm in a particular piece of music, it is not difficult to extrapolate to the corresponding facets of dance. Similarly, the old recordings of songs and music enable the dancer to keep the modern musician "in check".

Finally, there is a small bibliography dealing specifically with Greek dance but, contrary to what one would expect, there lies a greater danger that the reader will be misinformed by consulting it. Because the authors do not have the appropriate educational background they try to impress the reader with meaning­less descriptions, untenable theories on the origin of the dances and arbitrary conclusions on their function. Only in the last few years have the first scholarly works appeared (cf. Loutzaki, Kilpatrick), founded on serious research and sound methodology.

A special case in this category of books on dance are the so-called "books of footsteps", directed at those who wish to learn the dances by placing one foot after the other. Needless to say, this method is far from satisfactory and it certainly deprives dance of its beauty, reducing it to no more than a series of steps. At best these books may be used to remind one of dances he has learnt in practice, assuming that they are described correctly.

In the following catalogue books and articles, in Greek and other languages, dealing exclusively or partially with dance in Greece are given. Dance is also mentioned in other publications, such as encyclopaedias, newspapers and magazines, historical and literary accounts.

As a rule, the older the text the scantier the information, yet the closer to the reality of traditional life. A researcher or dance group interested in a specific dance or type of dance can glean invaluable historical, social and even choreographic information from these references.

For information on traditional dance in general or in other countries, one should consult foreign-language books. These are not listed here since our subject is expressly Greek dance.


11.1 Bibliography in Greek

Averoff, Georgios: Cypriote dances (Cypriote Studies 19, 1955)

Averoff, Georgios: Cypriote folk dances (Nicosia, 1978)

Aetoudakis, Dimitrios: Cretan dances (Athens, 1982)

Athanasiadis, Dimitrios: The pyrrhic dance. Sera-Tromachtos (Edessa, Pontic Association, 1975)

Andreopoulos, Argyrios: Greek dances and folk songs (Thessaloniki, 1932)

Anoyianakis, Fivos: Greek folk musical instruments (Athens, National Bank, 1976)

Aravantinos, P.: On dance in Epirus (Pandora XIII, 1862-63)

Baud-Bovy, Samuel: Songs of the Dodecanese (Athens, Sideris, 1935)

Baud-Bovy, Samuel: Essay on the Greek folk song (Nafplion, Peloponnesian Folklore Foundation, 1984) with two cassettes and notation

Vrontis, Anastasios: Rhodian wedding (Rhodes, Notaras, 1932)

Georgiadis, Minas: Introduction to the dances of Karpathos (Karpathos 1, 1979)

Gikas, Yannis: Musical instruments and folk musicians in Greece. Vol. 1 Southern Evvia and Skyros (Athens, 1975)

Dede-Michail, Maria: Songs and dances of the firedance ceremony (Anastenari) (Thrakika 1, 1978)

Delivorias, Angelos: Greek traditional jewellery (Athens, Benaki Museum, Melissa 1980)

Evangelou, lason: Fire-Walking and Anastenaria (Athens, Pyli, 1978)

Zerzelidis, G.I.: The wedding in Matsouka Pontus (Pontic Stoa, 1971)

Imellos, Stephanos: Information on Greek dances and music by the traveller P. Aug. de Guys (Athens 1963, Annual of the Folklore Archive, vol. 15, 1962)

Ireiotis, P.N.: The Easter dance in Palaia Chora Aegina (Laographia VIM, 1921)

Kavakopoulos, Pantelis: Dances and melodies of Western Thrace (Proceedings of the Second Folklore Symposium, Thessaloniki, Foundation for the Study of the Aimos Peninsula, 1976)

Kavakopoulos, Pantelis: The syrtos dance (Thessaloniki, Foundation for the Study of the Aimos Peninsula, 1979)

Kavakopoulos, Pantelis: Songs of Northwest Thrace (Thessaloniki, FSAP, 1981)

Kakouri, Caterina: Dance and procession of St George at Nestani Arkadia (Ethnographi-ca 1, 1978)

Kalokyris, Constantinos: Orthodoxy and dance events within and around the church. Panegyric address (Thessaloniki, Aristoteleian University, 1983)

Kambouroglou, D.: Silyvrianos syrtos (Thrakika 16, 1941)

Kapella, Themelina: Kalymnian echoes (Athens, 1981)

Karakasis, Lailios: Folk songs and dances of Smyrna (Asia Minor Chronicle 4, 1948)

Karapatakis, Constantinos: O "Drakos" (Symposium Proceedings, Thessaloniki, FSAP, 1975)

Karapatakis, Constantinos: Marriage in the old days. Folklore from the Grevena region (Athens, 1976)

Karastergiou, Aristeidis: Drymos (Thessaloniki, 1979)

Keramopoulos, Antonios: Our national music and dance (Diary of Magna Grecia, 1925)

Koukoules, Phaidon: Byzantine life and civilisation. Vol. 5: Dance (Athens, Institut Francais, 1952)

Kousiadis, Georgios: Greek and European dances (Athens, 195 )

Kousiadis, Georgios: The anastenaria and their dances (Archive of Thracian Folklore and Linguistic Thesaurus 21, 1956)

Koutsoyannopoulos, Dimitrios: Pontic dances (Athens, Pontus Archive 28, 1966)

Konstas, Thanassis: Vatika and Chavoutsi. The tsakonochoria of Propontida (Athens, Centre for Asia Minor Studies, 1979)

Laographia: Bulletin of the Greek Folklore Society, Athens

Lazarou, Achilleas: Dance among the Vlach-speaking peoples (Proceedings of the 3rd Folklore Symposium, Thessaloniki, FSAP, 1979)

Lampsidis, Odysseas: Melodies of folk songs and dances of the Greeks of Pontus (Athens, 1977)

Loukatos, D.S.: Dance in our folklore (Nea Estia 67, 1960)

Loukatos, D.S.: Cephallonian balos (Eos 5, 1962)

Loukopoulos, D. and Petropoulos D.: The folk cult of Pharassa (Athens, Centre for Asia Minor Studies, 1949)

Loutzaki, Rena: Dances of Oreini Serres. Notation using the "Laban method of kinetography" (Ethnographica 2, 1979-80)

Loutzaki, Rena: The dances of Megara (Ethnographica 3, 1980-81)

Loutzaki, Rena: Traditional dance in Greece (Thessaloniki, Hellexpo, 1985)

Lawler, Lillian: Dance in Ancient Greece (Athens, Traditional Dance Centre, 1984)

Mazaraki, Despoina: The folk clarinet in Greece (Athens, Institut Francais, 1959)

Makris, K: Customary family life (Athens, 1974)

Manis, Evangelos: Episkepsis. A village in Corfu (Athens, 1966)

Metallinos, Nikos: The dance of the elders at Episkepsi Corfu (Greek Cultural Institute, Montreal, 1981)

Metallinos, Nikos: Basic factors in the study of traditional dances of the Aegean (Greek Cultural Institute, Montreal)

Michailidis-Nouaros, M.G.: Folklore miscellany of Karpathos (Athens, 1932)

Maryoris, Nikolaos: They dance barefoot upon the fire (Athens, Omakoeio, 1980)

Milioris, Nikos: Vourla in Asia Minor. Vol. II (Athens, Smymiote Union, 1965)

Michail-Dede, Maria: The women's costume of Mesogeia (Athens, Boyatis, 1981)

Mouzenidis, P.D.: The dance Sera (Pontic Estia 76, 1956)

Moutsopoulos, E.: Rhythms and dances of the Greeks and Bulgarians (Laographia 17, 1957)

Bazianas, N.: Songs and dances of West Thessaly (Thessalian Chronicle 13, 1980)

Bikos, Athanasios: Greek dances (Athens, Byzantion, 1969)

Papagrigoraki, Idom.: How the Cretans make merry (Cretan Estia XVII, 1965)

Papantoniou, loanna: First steps in the study of Greek traditional costume (women's) (Ethnographica 1, 1978)

Papaspyropoulos, Theodoras: 32 types of Greek dance. 46 Songs (Athens, Sideris, 1931)

Papaspyropoulos, Theodoras: Greek dances. 35 Songs. Second series (Athens, Sideris, 1933)

Papacharalambous, G.Ch.: Cypriote morals and mores (Nicosia, Society of Cypriote Studies, 1965)

Papachristos, Vassileios: Greek dances (Athens, 1960)

Papachristos, Vassileios: Folklore and the teaching of Greek dance (Thessaloniki, Polychronidis, 1972)

Papachristos, Vassileios: Evolutionary course of dance (Fiorina, Aristotelis 139, 1980)

Papachristodoulou, Polydoros: Dances of the anastenaria (Archive of Thracian Folklore and Linguistic Thesaurus 19, 1954)

Parcharidis, I.A.: On the songs in Ophei (Laographia IX, 1926)

Paschalis, Dimitris: Dances of Andros. Syrtos and balos (Andros, "Dimitris Balis" Association, 1984)

Pachtikos, Georgios: 260 Greek folk songs (Athens, Sakellariou, 1905)

Petridis, Theodoras: The Dipatos dance (Proceedings of the Illrd Folklore Symposium, Thessaloniki, FSAP, 19790

Politis, Nikolaos: Folklore miscellany, vol. 3 (Athens, Academy of Athens, 1931)

Portoulas, P. and Kokmottos I.: Folklore and history of Amygdalia - Plessa (Athens, 1966)

Protopsaltis, Manolis: Dances of Karpathos (Greek Letters 2, 1928)

Raftis, Alkis: Tradition and folklore in Greek dance (Kanonaki 1, 1984)

Rigas, Georgios: Skiathos folk culture (Thessaloniki, 1970)

Rousali-Diatsintou, Sophia: Folklore of Tsakonia (Athens, 1977)

Romaios, K.: Folklore Science. Lecture notes (Athens, N.T.O. School of Guides, 1970)

Sakellariou, Ch.: Greek dances (Athens, 1940)

Seitanidis, Dimitrios: Folklore of Soufli (Archive of Thrace 34, 1969)

Sifopoulos, Tsampikos: Traditional songs of the village of Afantou (Rhodes, 1982)

Siampanopoulos, Constantinos: The Lazarines (Thessaloniki, 1973)

Siampanopoulos, Constantinos: Carnival customs of Kozani (Thessaloniki, 1983)

Sideris, loannis: The Zeibek. Carnival Customs in Syros (Laographia IV, 1914)

Siettos, G.: Festive customs (Piraeus, 1975)

Simopoulos, Kyriakos: Foreign travellers in Greece (Athens, 1975, 1976)

Skliros, Nikolaos: Greek dances and the Nation (Patras, Metaxas-Mitropoulos)

Spanakis, Stergios: Herakleion and its prefecture (Herakleion, Prefecture, 1971)

Stamouli-Saranti, Elpiniki: From the customs of Thrace (Thrakika 5, 1934)

Stratou, Dora: A tradition ... an adventure (Athens, Fexis 1964, Gonis 1973)

Stratou, Dora: Greek traditional dances. Living link with the past (Athens, School Books Publishing Organisation, 1978)

Stratou, Dora: Chronicle of the Dora Stratou folk dance company (Proceedings of the 2nd Folklore Symposium, Thessaloniki, FSAP, 1976)

Tarsouli, Athena: Dodecanese, 3 volumes (Athens, 1947, 48, 50)

Tatsiopoulos, L.A.: Folklore of Komboti village in Arta. Local folk dances (Epirote Estia, 301-302, 1977)

Tatsiopoulos, L.A.: The tzoumerkan dance "Kangellari" (Epirote Estia, 307-308, 1977)

Tziamourtas, Zisis: History of the Karagouna wedding (Thessalian Chronicle 13, 1980)

Tzinikou-Kakouli, Athena: Folklore echoes of Velvendos (Thessaloniki, 1979)

Tolis, Dimitrios: The village of Karoplesi and the region of Agrafa (Thessaloniki, 1969)

Tombolis, Sozos: Cypriote rhythms and melodies (Nicosia, 1966)

Toska-Kampa, Soula: Folklore of Argithea in Agrafa Thessaly (Athens, 1981)

Tsalikoglou, Emmanuel: Folklore of Flaviana Cappadocia (Asia Minor Chronicle 13, 1967)

Tsarouchis, Yannis: A short commentary on the Zeibekiko (Theatro 10, 1963)

Tsiotras, Dimitrios: Folklore and history of Palaiochora (Chronicle of Chalkidiki 7,1964)

Yfantis, Nikolaos: Pogoni wedding (Athens, Zoidis, 1972)

Pharmakidis, Kostas and Karakatsani, Agapi: Symi. A guide (Athens, 1975)

Florakis, Alekos: Tinos. Folk culture (Athens, Greek Book, 1971)

Fourikis, P.: Marriage and marriage symbols in Salamina (Laographia VII, 1978)

Chatzigakis, Alexandras: Aspropotamo Pindos (Athens, 1965)

Chatzidakis, Georgios: Cretan+music (Athens, 1958)

Hadjimichali, Angeliki: Greek folk art (Athens, Pyrsos, 1931)

Hadjimichali, Angeliki: The Greek folk costume, 2 volumes (Athens, Benaki Museum, Melissa, 1983)

Cheimonas, Christos: The Skiathos dance "Kamara" (Archive of Thessalian Studies 4, 1976)

Chionidis, K.: The Pyrrhic dance. The well-known Sera of the Pontics (Pontic Union 69, 1982)

Psathas, Apostolos and Mitrakli-Psatha, Vassiliki: Skopos in East Thrace (Archive of Thrace 35, 1970)


12.2 Foreign bibliography

Anoyanakis, Fivos: Greek folk musical instruments (Athens, National Bank, 1979)

Baud-Bovy, Samuel: Chansons du Dodecanese, 2 volumes (Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 1938)

Baud-Bovy, Samuel: Chansons populaires de la Crete Occidentale (Geneve: Minkoff, 1972)

Baud-Bovy, Samuel: Ein Kretischer Tanz. Studien zur Musik Sudost-Europas (Beitrage zur Ethnomusikologie 4, 1976)

Biliotti, Edouard and Cottret, Abbe: L'ile de Rhodes (Rhodes, 1881)

Bottomley, Gillian and Raftis, Alkis: Shared tasks and communal celebrations in rural Greece: The study of cultural practices (Journal of Intercultural Studies 5, 1984)

Butterworth, Katharine and Schneider, Sara: Rebetika. Songs from the old Greek underworld (Athens, Komboloi, 1975)

Campbell, J.K.: Honour, Family and Patronage (N.Y., Oxford University Press, 1964)

Chianis, Sotirios (Sam): Some observations on the Mixed-Dance in the Peloponnesus (Laographia, XVII, 1959)

Coutelianou, Joy: The Goat-dance of Skyros (Athens, Ermis, 1977)

Crossfield, Domini: Dances of Greece (New York, Chanticleer, 1948)

Emmanuel, Maurice: La dance grecque antique (Paris, Hachette, 1896)

Gault-Antoniades, Anna: The Anastenaria. Thracian Fire-walking festival (Thracian Archives 36, Athens, 1954)

Georgiades, Thrasybulos: Musik und Rhythmus bei den Griechen (Hamburg, Rowohlt, 1958)

Gironi, Robustiano: Le danze dei Greci (Milano, Imperiale Regia Scamperi, 1820)

Holden, Ricky and Vouras, Mary: Greek folk dances (Brussels, Folkraft, 1976)

Hoist, Gail: Road to rembetika (Athens, D. Harvey, 1983)

Jones, Edward (ed.): Lyric Airs ... Figures and movements of the modern Greek dances (London, 1804)

Kakouri, Caterina: Dionysiaka. Aspects of the popular Thracian religion of today (Athens, Eleftheroudakis, 1965)

Kanellou-Thasassoulas, Alexandra: The Anastenari. A popular Thracian religious custom (Dissertation, Institute of Folk Life Studies, University of Leeds, 1976)

Kilpatrick, David Bruce: Function and style in Pontic dance music (Athens, Bulletin of Pontic Studies, 1980)

Lawler, Lillian: The dance in Ancient Greece (Middletown, Conn., Wesleyan University Press, 1964)

Lawson, Joan: European folk dance (London, Pitman, 1972)

Lawson, John: Modern Greek folklore and ancient Greek tradition (Chicago, University Books, 1964)

Loutzaki, Rena: Dance and society in a complex Greek peasant village. M.A. dissertation, The Queen's University of Belfast, 1984)

Loutzaki, Rena: The traditional dance in Greece (Thessaloniki, Hellexpo, 1985)

Makrakis, Basil: Fire dances in Greece (Greece, 1982)

Megas, G.: Greek calendar customs (Athens, 1958)

Merlier, Melpo: Essai d'un tableau du folklore musical grec (Athens, Sideris, 1935)

Michael-Dede, Maria: The Anastenari ("Thrakika" 46, Athens, 1973)

Mouzaki, Rozanna: Greek dances for Americans (New York, Doubleday, 1981)

Petrides, Theodore and Elfleida: Folk dances of the Greeks (Folkstone GB, Bailey, 1974)

Petrides, Ted: Greek dances and how to do them (New York, Peters, 1976)

Petrides, Ted: Ta Anastenaria (Anthropos, 6, 1979)

Petrides, Ted: Greek dances (Athens, Lycabettus, 1980)

Petrides, Ted: Greek folk dance. Some observations (Ethnic Folk Arts Center, Greek Music Tour, 1982)

Petrides, Ted: The contemporary Greek folk dances (Athens, Tourism in Greece, 1982)

Petrides, Ted: The relationship of Pontic dances to Neohellenic regional dances (Pontic Archive 38, 1984)

Prudhommeau, Germaine: La danse grecque antique. 2 volumes (Paris, CNRS, 1965)

Raftis, Alkis: Le corps, porteur de I'histoire sociale (Vie rencontre de I'ASFEC, Grenoble, September 1983)

Raftis, Alkis: Dance in Greece, in: International Encyclopaedia of Dance (New York, Scribner's)

Raftis, Alkis: Le corps, porteur de I'histoire locale (Danse et Enseignement, Sept., 1984)

Rodd, Rennell: The customs and lore of modern Greece (Chicago, Argonaut, 1968, original 1892)

Romaios, C.A.: Cultes populaires de la Thrace (Athenes, Institut Francais, 1949)

Sachs, Curt: Eine Weltgeschichte des Tanzes (Berlin, Reimer, 1933)

Schiel, Margaret and Rolf: So tanzt Griechenland (Koln, Romiosini, 1984)

Stenzel, Barbara: From Crete to Pontus (The Athenian, April 19, 1982)

Stratou, Dora: The Greek dances. How we found them and how we show them (Jersey, Dance Studies 2, 1977)

Sutton, Ellen: The goat dance of Skyros (Time in Athens, 4/2 February 1982)

Tatsonas, Eustathios: Grekiska folkdanser (Stockholm, 1981)

Underdahl, Eivor: Grekiska danser (Stockholm, Brevskolan, 1978)

Weege, Fritz: Der Tanz in der Antike (Niemayer, 1976, orig. 1926)


12.3 Bookshops

Since the interest of the general public in books on folklore is rather limited, there are very few such volumes in stock in the bookshops. Moreover, the staff of these shops is rarely able to give the customer information on books in print. Listed below are a few central bookshops where one is more likely to find books on folklore. Otherwise these may be ordered from any bookshop, provided the customer gives the correct details from the catalogue, or obtained directly from the publisher. Some foreign-language bookshops are also mentioned where one can order non-Greek books.

Old books or those now out of print can be consulted in the libraries of the research institutions mentioned in the appropriate section. None of these are lending libraries but usually allow photocopying

12.3 Greek-language bookshops

"Vasileiou", 15 Hippokratous street, Athens 10679, tel. 3623382

"Dodoni", 3 Asklepiou street, Athens 10679, tel. 3637973

"Eleftheroudakis", 4 Nikis street, Athens 10563, tel. 3229388

"Endochora", Sina and Solonos street, Athens 10680, tel. 3637027

"Kardamitsa", 8 Hippokratous street, Athens 10672, tel. 3615156

"Estia-Kollaros", 60 Solonos street, Athens 10672, tel. 3635970

"Patsilinakos", 47 Panepistimiou street, Athens 10564, tel. 3227087


12.4 Foreign-language bookshops

German, 10 Stadiou and 4 Omirou street, Athens 10564, tel. 3225294

Compendium, 28 Nikis street, Plaka, Athens 10557, tel. 3244449

Eleftheroudakis, 4 Nikis street, Athens 10563, tel. 3229388

Kauffmann, 28 Stadiou street, Athens 11527, tel. 3222160

Panitoglou, 74 Akadimias street, Athens 10678, tel. 3634053, 3638124

Pantelidis, 11 Amerikis street, Athens 10672, tel. 3623673

Samouchos, 23 Amerikis street, Athens 10672, tel. 3624151

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